What is GSTR - 9?
Form GSTR-9 is an annual return to be filed by the businesses registered under GST. In Form GSTR-9, you need to declare the consolidated details of outward supplies, inward supplies, GST payable and ITC claimed for the previous financial year. For the previous financial year 2017-2018, you need to furnish the consolidated details of supplies made or received from July, 2017 to March 2018.
The annual GST Return filling consists of different returns forms. Basis the GST registration type and annual turnover, the businesses need to file the applicable annual GST return form.
- GSTR-9: should be filed by the regular taxpayers who are filing GSTR-1 and GSTR-3B
- GSTR-9A: should be filed by the persons registered under composition scheme under GST
- GSTR-9C: should be filed by the taxpayers whose annual turnover exceeds INR 2 crores during the financial year. All such taxpayers are also required to get their accounts audited and file a copy of audited annual accounts, reconciliation statement of tax already paid and details of tax payable as per audited accounts, along with this return
Who are required to file GSTR-9?
All registered taxable persons under GST must file GSTR-9. However, the following persons are not required to file GSTR-9:
- Taxpayers opting Composition Scheme
- Casual Taxable Person
- Input service distributors
- Non-resident taxable persons
- Persons paying TDS
Due date for filing GST Annual Return FORM GSTR-9,GSTR-9A and GSTR-9C
|GST Annual Return Due Data|
|GSTR 9||31st August 2019|
|GSTR 9A||31st August 2019|
|GSTR 9C||31st August 2019|
What if GSTR-9 filing is done late?
If the GSTR-9 return is not filed on time, then a penalty of INR 100 per day under CGST & INR 100 per day under SGST shall be levied i.e. a total of INR 200 per day. However, the maximum of such a penalty will be an amount calculated at a quarter percent of the total taxpayer turnover in the respective State or Union Territory.
How to revise GSTR-9?
Form GSTR-9 once filed cannot be revised. It’s recommended to carefully check the values auto-populated in the annual returns,match with books of accounts and accordingly make suitable corrections before filing Annual GST Return in form GSTR-9.
The GSTR-9 format consists of 6 parts in which the details of supplies made or received during the period of July’17 to March’18 need to be captured. The details required in all 6 parts of GSTR-9 format is only at the consolidated level. The following are the 6 parts of GSTR 9 format as notified by the CBIC.
|Part-1 of GSTR 9 Format||Basic Details of Taxpayer|
|Part-2 of GSTR 9 Format||Details of outward and inward supplies declared during the financial year|
|Part-3 of GSTR 9 Format||Details of ITC as declared in returns filed during the financial year|
|Part-4 of GSTR 9 Format||Details of tax paid as declared in returns filed during the financial year|
|Part-5 of GSTR 9 Format||Particulars of the transactions for the previous FY declared in returns of April to September of current FY or up to the date of filing of annual return of previous FY whichever is earlier|
|Part-6 of GSTR 9 Format||Other Information such as demands and refunds, HSN Summary, Late Fee supplies received from composition taxpayers, deemed supplies etc.|
Part-1 of GSTR 9 Format
In Part -1 of annual return, you need to capture the basic registration details of the taxpayer. The details such as fiscal year, GSTIN, legal name and Trade name (if any) need to be captured. These details will be auto-captured once the annual return form GSTR 9 is made available in the GST portal.
Part-2 of GSTR 9 Format
In Part-2 of annual return form, you need to capture the consolidated details of outward supplies as declared in the returns filed during the financial year. The Part-2 is further split into the following two sections.
- Supplies on which tax is payable: All taxable supplies (both B2B and B2C), exports on payment of tax, supplies to SEZ on payment of tax, inward supplies attracting reverse charge and advance received (but invoice is yet to be issued) need to be captured.
- Supplies on which tax is payable: This includes exports and SEZ supplies without payment of tax, outward supplies on which tax is to be paid on a reverse charge, exempt supplies, nil rated supplies and non-GST supplies.
You also need to capture the consolidated details of Debit note, Credit notes and amendments related to supplies separately.
Part-3 of GSTR 9 Format
The part -3 of annual return consist of all input tax credit availed and reversed in the financial year for which the annual return is filed. This part is further split into the following 3 sections:
- ITC availed as declared in the returns filed: In this section, ITC availed through Form GSTR-3B will be auto-captured and you are required furnish the ITC availed on different nature of Inward supplies such as B2B, B2C, Imports etc. with a break-up of Inputs, Input services and capital goods. Ideally, there should not be any difference between the ITC claimed in GSTR-3B and the details declared in this section. This section will also include the transition credit availed through Tran-1 and Tran-2.
- ITC reversed and ineligible ITC: Here, you need to furnish the details of ITC reversed owing to various reasons such as used in making exempt supplies, non-business use etc. Also, the ineligible ITC as declared in the Form GSTR-3B.
- Other ITC related Information: In this section, the ITC as per form GSTR-2A will be auto-populated and you have to give the details of ITC availed on B2B inward supplies, ITC reclaimed and ITC availed after March’18 for inward supplies received from July –March’18. You also need to declare the details of ITC available but not availed, ITC available but not ineligible, IGST credit on import of goods etc.
Part-4 of GSTR 9 Format
In part of 4 of annual return, the actual tax paid as declared in the returns filed during the previous financial year need to be captured. Tax-wise break-up of tax payable, tax paid in cash and paid through ITC should be furnished.
Part-5 of GSTR 9 Format
In part 5 of GSTR 9, you need to declare the details of transactions related to previous financial year but declared in the returns of April to September of current FY (2018-2019) or date of filing of annual return for the previous financial year, whichever is earlier.
For example in the annual return for the FY 2017-18, the transactions related to July –March’18 are declared in the returns filed in April to September 2018. Let’s say, ITC is availed on an invoice dated 15th February, 2018 in GSTR-3B return of August, 2018 filed on 20th September, 2018. The consolidated details such supplies need to be declared in this section.
Part-6 of GSTR 9 Format
In part of 6 of GST 9, you need to capture the following details
- Details of demands and refunds. This includes Total refund claimed, refund sanctioned, refund rejected, refund pending, the total demand of taxes, demands pending etc.
- Supplies received from composition dealer, goods sent on approval and deemed supplies.
- HSN-wise summary of outward and inward supplies
- Late fee payable and paid.
How to file GSTR-9
Once the GST Annual Return Form GSTR 9 is prepared, the next step is to file GSTR-9 in the GST Portal. The following are the steps to file GSTR-9