Important terms under VAT in Bahrain

Tally Solutions | Updated on: August 25, 2021

The VAT is being introduced in Bahrain from 1st January, 2019. It is important to understand the meaning of the frequently used terms and definitions under VAT. These terms will soon become a part of your daily business conversations with all your stakeholders. Let us understand the important terms under VAT in Bahrain, along with their respective meaning.




All types of physical assets that can be supplied, including real estate, water, and all forms of energy.

Example: Cars, apparel, electronics, etc.


Anything that can be supplied other than goods

Example: Legal services, professional services, car repair, etc.


A person who supplies (sells) goods or services


A person who receives (purchases) goods or services from a supplier


Everything collected or to be collected by a supplier from the recipient or a third party for the supply of goods or services

Example: Ahmed Electronics supplies 100 mobile phones @ BD 100 each to Niyaz Electronics. VAT @ 5% (BD 500) is charged on the supply. Here, the consideration to be collected by Ahmed Electronics is BD 10,500 including VAT.

Taxable person

A person, being a natural or legal person, who carries out an economic activity that requires them to register under VAT. Only a taxable person can charge VAT.


A taxable person who has been issued a VAT registration number


Supply of goods or services from Bahrain to another country


Supply of goods or services from another country to Bahrain

Capital assets

Material and immaterial assets of a business allocated for long-term use

Example: Buildings, machinery

Input tax

Tax paid by a taxable person on goods or services purchased

Example: Ahmed Electronics purchases 20 laptops @ BD 1,000 each from Ziya Computers. VAT @ 5% (BD 1,000) is charged. Here, Ahmed Electronics’ input tax is BD 1,000.

Output tax

Tax charged by a taxable person on the supply of goods or services

Example: Ahmed Electronics supplies 50 laptops @ BD 2,000 each to Niyaz Electronics. VAT @ 5% (BD 5,000) is charged on the supply. Here, Ahmed Electronics’ output tax is BD 5,000.

Input tax deduction

A mechanism by which a VAT registered person can deduct input tax from the output tax for a period and only remit the balance tax payable to the Government.
Example: In the above example, Ahmed Electronics’ output VAT on supply to Niyaz Electronics is BD 5,000 and input VAT on purchase from Ziya Computers is BD 1,000. Ahmed Electronics can claim an input tax deduction of BD 1,000 and only remit the balance output tax (BD 4,000) to the Government.

Taxable supplies

Supplies on which VAT is charged and input tax deduction can be availed

Exempted supplies

Supplies on which no VAT is charged, and no input tax deduction can be availed

Tax invoice

A written or electronic document where the occurrence of a taxable supply is recorded

Tax credit note

 A written or electronic document where the occurrence of any amendment to a taxable supply, that reduces or cancels the same is recorded

Tax period

A period for which the tax payable needs to be calculated. Tax periods are usually monthly, quarterly and annually.

Tax return

Statement to be prepared and submitted by a taxable person for a tax period. It contains the details of sales, purchases, output tax, input tax, tax payable, etc.


Read more on Bahrain VAT

VAT in Bahrain, Vat Return in Bahrain, VAT Return Format in Bahrain, How to file VAT Return under Bahrain VAT, What is VAT and how does it work in Bahrain, VAT Rates in Bahrain, VAT Return Filing Period, Credit Note under Bahrain VAT, VAT Payment in Bahrain

Domestic Reverse Charge under Bahrain VAT, Reverse Charge Mechanism Under Bahrain VAT, Tax Identification Number (TIN), Administrative Penalties Applicable in Bahrain VAT, List of Exempt Supplies under VAT in Bahrain, Zero-Rated supply under VAT in Bahrain

Read More on Bahrain VAT Registration

VAT Registration in Bahrain, VAT Registration Deadline in Bahrain


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