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Supplies of Goods and Services are clearly defined under GST, similarly the rates and place of Supply rules for each and every goods/services is finalised.
But in general business practices, all supplies will be not be such simple and clearly identifiable supplies. Where many of the supplies may be a combination of goods or combination of services or combination of goods and services both.
There fore, the GST Law identifies GST composite supply and mixed supply and provides certainty in respect of tax treatment under GST for such supplies.
GST Composite supply means a supply made by a taxable person to a recipient
A principal supply on the other hand is defined as any supply which consists of goods or services and which constitutes the predominant element of a composite supply to which any other supply forming part of that composite supply is ancillary
A mixed supply means two or more individual supplies of goods or services, or any combination thereof, made in conjunction with each other by a taxable person for a single consideration and where such supply does not constitute a composite supply.
For Example : A supply of a package consisting of canned foods, sweets, chocolates, cakes, dry fruits, aerated drinks and fruit juices when supplied for a single price is a mixed supply.
Each of these items can be supplied separately and is not dependent on any other. It shall not be a mixed supply if these items are supplied separately.
Here are some more examples of mixed supply in GST :
Supply of books, pamphlets, brochures, envelopes, annual reports, leaflets, cartons, boxes etc.
Printed with logo, design, name, address or other contents supplied by the recipient of such printed goods,
Analysis : The following supply is a good example of composite supply in GST and the question, whether such supplies constitute supply of goods or services would be determined on the basis of what constitutes the principal supply
In the case of printing of books, pamphlets, brochures, annual reports, and the like,
Where only content is supplied by the publisher or the person who owns the usage rights to the intangible inputs,
While the physical inputs including paper used for printing belong to the printer
In the given case, supply of printing [ of the content supplied by the recipient of supply] is the principal supply and therefore such supplies would constitute supply of services and the GST rate for composite supply in the given case would be 12%
In case of supply of printed envelopes, letter cards, printed boxes, tissues, napkins, wall paper etc. printed with design, logo etc.
Supplied by the recipient of goods
But made using physical inputs including paper belonging to the printer
Predominant supply is that of goods and the supply of printing of the content [supplied by the recipient of supply] is ancillary to the principal supply of goods and therefore such supplies would constitute supply of goods.
Supply of UPS with battery is a mixed supply under GST Act
It is rightful to say, the UPS serves no purpose if the battery is not supplied along with it.
Payment Declaration Form – GST PMT – 08: Definition, Format and Rules