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Consolidated financial statements also known as CFS, presents the financial position and results of operations for a parent and one or more subsidiaries as if they were a single company.
In simple words, the accounts of different companies belonging to the same management or owners are consolidated to present the financial position of the group as a whole.
Max Hardware and Max Electronics are owned by Mr Max. As these are separate entries, Mr Max would like to prepare the consolidated financial statements and evaluate the financial position of the group.
Balance Sheet of Max Hardware
Balance sheet of Max Electronics
If your business consists of branches, subsidiaries, or sister companies, it can become difficult to monitor the health of your business group. You might have questions like how your business is doing overall, or how your different branches are performing. Creating consolidated financial statements will help you find answers to all these questions and more.
If you are one who is having a long-run interest in the parent company (parent’s shareholders or creditors), consolidated financial statements are vital to you. This is simply because these financial statements present a clear picture of the total resources of the combined entity.
Any piece of information could be lost when time data sets are aggregated. This is particularly true when the information involves an aggregation across companies that have substantially different operating characteristics.
As subsidiaries are legally separate from their parents, the creditors and stockholders of a subsidiary generally have no claim on the parent, and the stockholders of the subsidiary do not share in the profits of the parent.
Thereby, the consolidated financial statements usually are of little use to those interested in obtaining information about the assets, capital, or income of individual subsidiaries.
Creating a consolidated financial manually is a nightmare. Not just efforts but potential risk of incorrect details due to omissions, errors etc. during data consolidation. This why most businesses have started using accounting software that allows you to manage the business efficiently and generating all the reports including consolidated financial statement automatically.
If you are using Tally.ERP 9, consolidation of financial statements is an easy task at all times. Not just financial statement, you can consolidate complete books of accounts using group company feature. The concept is simple yet powerful that allows you to consolidate the accounts of any number of companies at any time and maintain them separately. All this in a few mins.
You can also compare the individual member companies with the consolidated statement as shown below.
Guide to Business Management Software for Start-ups & Small Businesses