Ratio analysis is a study that determines and interprets numerical relationship based on financial statements. It is with the help of these techniques; the accounting ratios are derived from the financial statements.
Before we understand the current ratio, we need to know about liquidity ratios. Liquidity ratio analyses the shortterm financial position of the firm to meet its shortterm commitments (Current Liabilities) out of its shortterm resources (Current Assets). It is also called as ‘solvency ratios.
In order to figure out the liquidity of the firm, the business uses the following techniques:
Let’s understand the current ratio and its significance in a business
Current ratio refers to a technique that measures the capability of a business to meet its shortterm obligations that are due within a year. The current ratio considers the weight of the total current assets versus the total current liabilities.
In simple words, it illuminates how a business can maximize the liquidity of its current assets to settle debt and payables.
Going through the definition of the current ratio which is all about how much current assets are available to meet the company’s shortterm debt (current liabilities), you arrive the following formula to calculate the current ratio.
In the above formula, the current ratio is derived by dividing current assets by current liabilities.
If you are curious to know the components of shortterm assets and shortterm liabilities, you should read our articles on Current Assets and Current Liabilities.
Are you wondering how to read 1.33:1? We have covered in the next section.
The current ratio indicates the availability of current assets in rupee for every one rupee of current liability. A ratio greater than 1 implies that the firm has more current assets than a current liability.
For example, a current ratio of 1.33:1 indicates 1.33 assets are available to meet the shortterm liability of Rs. 1.
Current ratio indicators 

2:1 
1.33:1 
<1:1 
Ideal and considered to be satisfactory 
Considered as an acceptable current ratio 
Considered as Poor ratio and if it prolongs for a longer time, it is a warning 
The significance of the current ratio is extremely important when a business is looking for financial help from the banks and financial institutions. This is one of key indicator which banks and financial institutions look for before lending the credit.
While considering the ideal current ratio of 2:1, anything higher or lower indicates the following
Let us calculate current ratio of Kiran Enterprises considering the below example
Particulars 
Amount (Rs.) 
Particulars 
Amount (Rs) 
Bank 
14,500 
Land and Building 
2,02,000 
Expenses Paid in advance 
17,500 
Stock 
70,250 
Creditors 
1,03,500 
Debtors 
1,32,750 
Bills receivables 
7,250 
Plant and Machinery 
1,38,000 
12% Debentures 
64,500 
Loan from Director (Payable after 3 years) 
1,00,000 
Equity Share Capital 
2,52,000 


Profit and Loss Account (Cr) 
57,250 


The formula to arrive at the current ratio is as below
Current Ratio = Current Assets
______________
Current Liabilities
So, to apply the formula, you need to know the total of current assets and current liabilities. Let’s figure this out first using the information from the above table.
Current Assets 
Current Liabilities 

Bank 
14,500 

Sundry Creditors 

1,03,500 
Prepaid Expenses 
17,500 




Bills Receivables 
7,250 




Sundry debtors 
1,32,750 




Total 

1,72,000 
Total 

1,03,500 
Now apply the formula to calculate current ratio.
Current Ratio = 1,72,000
_________
1,03,500
= 1.662
A current ratio of Kiran Enterprises is 1.662: 1 which implies the firm has Rs. 1.662 of assets to cover every Rs. 1 in liability.
Ratio analysis helps the business owners to get the pulse of the organization quickly through ratios. Ratio Analysis acts as a dashboard of an organization in which all the key factors of a business is summarized in ratios.
While it is an important tool for business owners or decision makers but the time and efforts to determine such ratios is timeconsuming. To mitigate this challenge and leverage the insights from ratio analysis, most of the businesses are using accounting software to generate such reports automatically.
Ratio Analysis Generated using Tally.ERP 9
Current ratio refers to the liquidity ratio that gauges an organization's capability to pay off shortterm debts. It enables investors and analysts to understand how the venture is performing and can maximize the current assets on its balance sheet to fulfil its existing debt and payables.
The formula to calculate the current ratio is by dividing a company's current assets by its current liabilities.
One of the immediate limitations of the current ratio is that the ratio is not a satisfactory indicator to gauge a company's liquidity. A company cannot just depend on the current ratio since it provides very few details about its working capital.
While the spectrum of a good current ratio differs basis the exact industry type, a ratio between 1.5 and 3 is considered healthy.
Although a high current ratio is considered good, however, if the current ratio is too high, for instance, above 2, it might be that the organization is unable to utilize its current assets effectively.
Here are some of the ways to reduce high current ratio:
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