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An input tax deduction is a very important feature of Saudi VAT. It is essential that registered taxpayers claim input tax deductions on eligible supplies. In our previous article ‘Input tax deduction under VAT in KSA’, we have learned about the provision of input tax deduction, its meaning, the supplies which are eligible for an input tax deduction, and the time period for claiming the same. In addition to this, it is also important to note that the claim of input tax deduction has to be based on certain mandatory documents. Further, input tax deduction has been explicitly denied for certain supplies. Let us understand these facets of input tax deduction in this article.
A VAT invoice is a document to be issued by persons registered under VAT in KSA, evidencing that a taxable supply of goods or services has taken place.
A registered person can claim input tax deduction only on the basis of evidence showing the amount of input tax paid or payable. The documents which are required as evidence for the claim of input tax deduction are:
Note: Goods purchased by a registered person which are lost, damaged or stolen should be reported as such in the accounting records of the taxable person, in order to support the deduction of input tax on the goods. The GAZT (General Authority of Zakat and Tax) may require further evidence to be provided in respect of these goods, including police reports and insurance claims documentation.
Certain supplies are not considered to be incurred by a taxable person in the course of carrying out an economic activity. As a result, a taxable person will not be allowed to deduct the input tax relating to such expenses. These supplies which are ineligible for input tax deduction are:
Here, a 'restricted motor vehicle is any vehicle designed to be used on the road, which is not used exclusively for work purposes or is intended for resale.
Let us take an example to understand this.
Example: Ali Fahad Apparel, a registered dealer in KSA, organises an annual meet for its employees in a hotel, Golden Tulip, in KSA. They incur catering charges of SAR 6,000 for the event, on which VAT @ 5%, i.e. SAR 300 is incurred. Here, Ali Fahad Apparel cannot claim an input tax deduction on this VAT paid and thus, it becomes a cost for the business.
An important point to note in the case of the above supplies which are ineligible for input tax deduction is that if any of these supplies are directly supplied by the taxable person to another person, input tax is allowed to be deducted on these supplies.
Hence, while input tax deduction is allowed on all supplies which are incurred in the course of economic activity, registrants should note that it is important to retain documentary evidence to justify the claim of input tax deduction. In addition, certain supplies are not considered to be incurred in the course of economic activity and are hence, not eligible for an input tax deduction. Awareness of these factors will ensure that registrants can file accurate and complete VAT returns.
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